The Best Destinations of the Amazon.
The Yasuní National Park (PNY) is the largest protected area of the continental Ecuador, considered also one of the most genetic diversity of the planet, since the number and variety of species it possesses is higher than in any other terrestrial ecosystem. Being an area of great scientific and potentially tourist interest, its forests are home to the largest number of tree and shrub species per hectare in the world (664 species) and consequently, an even greater diversity of fauna. It forms part of the high Amazonian basin and presents itself as a dense evergreen and somber forest. Underneath the vault that forms the tops of the trees, are sheltered millenary forms of life, from giant ceibas that seem to touch the sky, until the lion, a monkey so small that fits in the palm of the hand (Bass et al. ).
The Yasuní National Park is scientifically qualified as a Pleistocene Refuge (Napo-Ucayali), important for its large size, abundant biodiversity, speciation center, dispersion of living beings and extremely high endemism; Where the species have been preserved for thousands of years.
For these reasons Yasuní was declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1989.
The Cuyabeno Fauna Production Reserve is located in the province of Sucumbíos, in the northeastern Amazon region of Ecuador. Its area is 590,112 ha. It is one of the most biodiverse places on the planet along with the Yasuní National Park.
It is a place with a great biodiversity, home to one of the largest concentrations of wildlife, both in flora and fauna. A complex system of rainforest formations, 13 lagoons, rivers and a tropical forest make 603,000 hectares a record for the highest levels of biodiversity in the world.
Cuyabeno has more than 550 different species of birds: 60 species of orchids; More than 350 species of fish; A variety of reptiles such as anacondas, caimans and river turtles. The species of plants found within the reserve are estimated at 12,000. And many species of mammals, including the incredible Tapir (Tapirus terrestris).